Give a Child a Voice Foundation
There is a war being waged against Our Children that is stealing the best, most productive part of their futures. Every year more than 3.3 million reports of Child Abuse are made in the United States.
Child abuse is when a parent or caregiver, whether through action or failing to act, causes injury, death, emotional harm or risk of serious harm to a child. There are many forms of child maltreatment, including neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, exploitation, and emotional abuse
When a parent or caregiver harms a child’s mental and social development, or causes severe emotional harm, it is considered emotional abuse. While a single incident may be abuse, most often emotional abuse is a pattern of behavior that causes damage over time.
Emotional abuse can include:
· Rejecting or ignoring telling a child he or she is unwanted or unloved, showing little interest in child, not initiating, or returning affection, not listening to the child, not validating the child’s feelings, breaking promises, cutting child off in conversation
· Shaming or humiliating calling a child names, criticizing, belittling, demeaning, berating, mocking, using language or taking action that takes aim at child’s feelings of self-worth
· Terrorizing: accusing, blaming, insulting, punishing with, or threatening abandonment, harm or death, setting a child up for failure, manipulating, taking advantage of a child’s weakness or reliance on adults, slandering, screaming, yelling
· Isolating: keeping child from peers and positive activities, confining child to small area, forbidding play or other stimulating experiences
· Corrupting: engaging child in criminal acts, telling lies to justify actions or ideas, encouraging misbehavior
When a parent or caregiver does not give the care, supervision, affection and support needed for a child’s health, safety and well-being. Child neglect includes:
· Physical neglect and inadequate supervision
· Emotional neglect
· Medical neglect
· Educational neglect
Children need enough care to be healthy and enough supervision to be safe. Adults that care for children must provide clothing, food and drink. A child also needs safe, healthy shelter, and adequate supervision.
Children require enough affection and attention to feel loved and supported. If a child shows signs of psychological illness, it must be treated.
Some states do not prosecute parents who withhold certain types of medical care for religious reasons, but they may get a court order to protect the child’s life. Parents and caregivers must provide children with appropriate treatment for injuries and illness. They must also provide basic preventive care to make sure their child stays safe and healthy.
Parents and schools share responsibility for making sure children have access to opportunities for academic success.
When a parent or caregiver causes any non-accidental physical injury to a child. There are many signs of physical abuse. If you see any of the following signs, please get help right away. Physical abuse includes striking, kicking, burning, biting, hair pulling, choking, throwing, shoving, whipping or any other action that injures a child. Even if the caregiver didn’t mean to cause injury, when the child is injured, it is abuse. Physical discipline from a parent that does not injure or impair a child is not considered abuse; however non-violent alternatives are always available. Physical abuse can result in:
· Bruises, blisters, burns, cuts and scratches
· Internal injuries, brain damage
· Broken bones, sprains, dislocated joints
· Emotional and psychological harm
· Lifelong injury, death
occurs when an adult uses a child for sexual purposes or involves a child in sexual acts. It also includes when a child who is older or more powerful uses another child for sexual gratification or excitement.Sexual abuse of children includes:
· Non-contact abuse
· Making a child view a sex act
· Making a child view or show sex organs
· Inappropriate sexual talk
· Contact abuse
· Fondling and oral sex
· Making children perform a sex act
· Child prostitution and child pornography
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